GNSS Accuracy and Influencing Factors

Ken testing Archer 2's GNSS accuracy Ken Lucas, an engineer technician with the Nevada Division of Water Resources, recently tested the Archer 2™’s GNSS accuracy—with both GPS & GLONASS receivers enabled—when used with OnPOZ EZTag CE™ mobile software from Juniper partner, Effigis. Typically, the Archer 2 experiences 2-5 meter GNSS accuracy, but when used with OnPoZ EZSurv® Post-Processing Software, accuracy is improved to sub-meter (meaning that the results should have a margin of error of less than one meter).

To test this, Ken made two data collection efforts on each of two USGS survey monuments with known coordinates:

South Lake Tahoe, Ca, Nad 83 UTM zone 10N

Carson City, NV, Nad 83 UTM zone 11N

GNSS accuracy testing at USGS survey monumentHe made each data collection effort approximately 12 hours apart, each consisting of two five-minute point averaging captures*.

*For those who may be unfamiliar with point averaging, this is when a GPS data point is repeatedly collected from the same location over a certain length of time. These points are then averaged to result in one GPS coordinate.

Ken then post-processed the data he collected using 2010 CORS base station data from nearby GLONASS-capable and non-GLONASS-capable base stations, as shown below.

Survey Monument Distance from GLONASS base station Distance from non-GLONASS base station
South Lake Tahoe 79 kilometers 60 kilometers
Carson City 52 kilometers 27 kilometers

In determining the horizontal error, Ken found that several data points landed less than 12 inches away from the monument, with one point only 1 inch off! Overall, he found that the average horizontal error after processing was:

Using GLONASS satellite data: 20.5 inches

Without GLONASS satellite data, but with a much closer base station: 16 inches

GNSS accuracy testing with Archer 2 & Effigis OnPOZAfter processing only Carson City data using the non-GLONASS base station (27 kilometers away), Ken determined an average error of only 11 inches.

He also captured elevation data at both monuments, and found the overall post-processed accuracy to be 17.4 inches.

Ken’s results indicate that one factor that significantly affects GNSS accuracy is its proximity to a base station. Even without using GLONASS data, one can still achieve highly accurate results if a base station is located nearby.

Another factor that influences GNSS accuracy is the amount of time over which data was collected. Ken’s data capture efforts were relatively short—only 5 minutes each—and he would most likely experience even greater accuracy if that time was bumped up to say, 10 or 15 minutes.

What other factors have you seen that can influence your GNSS accuracy?

To learn more about the affordable geospatial software that Ken used, click here. Or, contact Juniper Systems for more information.

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